Happy Codings - Programming Code Examples
Html Css Web Design Sample Codes CPlusPlus Programming Sample Codes JavaScript Programming Sample Codes C Programming Sample Codes CSharp Programming Sample Codes Java Programming Sample Codes Php Programming Sample Codes Visual Basic Programming Sample Codes


C Programming Code Examples

C > Code Snippets Code Examples

Print a string in uppercase

/* Print a string in uppercase */ #include <stdio.h> #include <ctype.h> void print_upper(char *string); int main(void) { char s[100]; printf("Enter a string: "); gets(s); print_upper(s); printf("\ns is now uppercase: %s", s); return 0; } void print_upper(char *string) { register int k; for(k=0; string[k]; ++k) { string[k] = toupper(string[k]); putchar(string[k]); } }

The for loop is used in the case where we need to execute some part of the code until the given condition is satisfied. The for loop is also called as a per-tested loop. It is better to use for loop if the number of iteration is known in advance. The for-loop statement is a very specialized while loop, which increases the readability of a program. It is frequently used to traverse the data structures like the array and linked list.

Get string from stdin. Reads characters from the standard input (stdin) and stores them as a C string into str until a newline character or the end-of-file is reached. The newline character, if found, is not copied into str. A terminating null character is automatically appended after the characters copied to str. Notice that gets is quite different from fgets: not only gets uses stdin as source, but it does not include the ending newline character in the resulting string and does not allow to specify a maximum size for str (which can lead to buffer overflows).

#include is a way of including a standard or user-defined file in the program and is mostly written at the beginning of any C/C++ program. This directive is read by the preprocessor and orders it to insert the content of a user-defined or system header file into the following program. These files are mainly imported from an outside source into the current program. The process of importing such files that might be system-defined or user-defined is known as File Inclusion. This type of preprocessor directive tells the compiler to include a file in the source code program. Here are the two types of file that can be included using #include:

Write character to stdout. Writes a character to the standard output (stdout). It is equivalent to calling putc with stdout as second argument. putchar() function is a file handling function in C programming language which is used to write a character on standard output/screen. The putchar() function is used for printing character to a screen at current cursor location. It is unformatted character output functions. It is defined in header file stdio.h.

Writes the C string pointed by format to the standard output (stdout). If format includes format specifiers (subsequences beginning with %), the additional arguments following format are formatted and inserted in the resulting string replacing their respective specifiers. printf format string refers to a control parameter used by a class of functions in the input/output libraries of C programming language. The string is written in a simple template language: characters are usually copied literally into the function's output, but format specifiers, which start with a % character, indicate the location and method to translate a piece of data (such as a number) to characters. "printf" is the name of one of the main C output functions, and stands for "print formatted". printf format strings are complementary to scanf format strings, which provide formatted input (parsing). In both cases these provide simple functionality and fixed format compared to more sophisticated and flexible template engines or parsers,

Convert lowercase letter to uppercase. Converts c to its uppercase equivalent if c is a lowercase letter and has an uppercase equivalent. If no such conversion is possible, the value returned is c unchanged. Notice that what is considered a letter may depend on the locale being used; In the default "C" locale, a lowercase letter is any of: a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z, which translate respectively to: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z.

In C, the "main" function is treated the same as every function, it has a return type (and in some cases accepts inputs via parameters). The only difference is that the main function is "called" by the operating system when the user runs the program. Thus the main function is always the first code executed when a program starts. main() function is a user defined, body of the function is defined by the programmer or we can say main() is programmer/user implemented function, whose prototype is predefined in the compiler. Hence we can say that main() in c programming is user defined as well as predefined because it's prototype is predefined. main() is a system (compiler) declared function whose defined by the user, which is invoked automatically by the operating system when program is being executed.



Program to sort set of strings in alphabetical order using strcmp(). Program will accept set of 5 strings & sort them using 'strcmp' library function and "Print the Result" on the screen.







C Parse custom httpd log. Get unresponsibly wild with pointers. Grow a tree for world peace. Allocate mem for ptr array. Read btree into array. Qsort the array. Print the result.


C language program code print to Equilateral Triangle. Triangle with all Sides Equal is called Equilateral Triangle. We shall now see how to print stars *, in Equilateral Triangle shape and