 # C Programming Code Examples

## C > If Else and Switch Case Code Examples

### C program to find all roots of a quadratic equation

``` C program to find all roots of a quadratic equation Write a C program to find all roots of a quadratic equation using if else. How to find all roots of a quadratic equation using if else in C programming. Quadratic equation Wikipedia states, in elementary algebra a quadratic equation is an equation in the form of ax^2+bx+c=0 Logic to find all roots of a quadratic equation Based on the above formula let us write step by step descriptive logic to find roots of a quadratic equation. Input coefficients of quadratic equation from user. Store it in some variable say a, b and c. Find discriminant of the given equation, using formula discriminant = (b*b) - (4*a*c). Compute roots based on the nature of discriminant. If discriminant > 0 then, root1 = (-b + sqrt(discriminant)) / (2*a) and root2 = (-b - sqrt(discriminant)) / (2*a). If discriminant == 0 then, root1 = root2 = -b / (2*a). Else if discriminant < 0 then, there are two distinct complex roots where root1 = -b / (2*a) and root2 = -b / (2*a). Imaginary part of the root is given by imaginary = sqrt(-discriminant) / (2*a). After this much reading let us finally code the solution of this program. #include <stdio.h> #include <math.h> /* Used for sqrt() */ int main() { float a, b, c; float root1, root2, imaginary; float discriminant; printf("Enter values of a, b, c of quadratic equation (aX^2 + bX + c): "); scanf("%f%f%f", &a, &b, &c); /* Find discriminant of the equation */ discriminant = (b * b) - (4 * a * c); /* Find the nature of discriminant */ if(discriminant > 0) { root1 = (-b + sqrt(discriminant)) / (2*a); root2 = (-b - sqrt(discriminant)) / (2*a); printf("Two distinct and real roots exists: %.2f and %.2f", root1, root2); } else if(discriminant == 0) { root1 = root2 = -b / (2 * a); printf("Two equal and real roots exists: %.2f and %.2f", root1, root2); } else if(discriminant < 0) { root1 = root2 = -b / (2 * a); imaginary = sqrt(-discriminant) / (2 * a); printf("Two distinct complex roots exists: %.2f + i%.2f and %.2f - i%.2f", root1, imaginary, root2, imaginary); } return 0; } ``` 