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C Programming Code Examples

C > Pointers Code Examples

using pointer arithmetic to access elements

/* using pointer arithmetic to access elements */ #include <stdio.h> #define ISIZE 10 int main( ) { char string10[ISIZE]; char *pc; int counter; pc=string10; for(counter = 0; counter < ISIZE; counter++) { *pc=getchar( ); pc++; } pc=string10 + (ISIZE - 1); for(counter = 0; counter < ISIZE; counter++) { putchar(*pc); pc--; } }

Get character from stdin. Returns the next character from the standard input (stdin). It is equivalent to calling getc with stdin as argument. A getchar() function is a non-standard function whose meaning is already defined in the stdin.h header file to accept a single input from the user. In other words, it is the C library function that gets a single character (unsigned char) from the stdin. However, the getchar() function is similar to the getc() function, but there is a small difference between the getchar() and getc() function of the C programming language.

Pointers in C are easy and fun to learn. Some C programming tasks are performed more easily with pointers, and other tasks, such as dynamic memory allocation, cannot be performed without using pointers. So it becomes necessary to learn pointers to become a perfect C programmer. Let's start learning them in simple and easy steps. As you know, every variable is a memory location and every memory location has its address defined which can be accessed using ampersand (&) operator, which denotes an address in memory. Consider the following example, which prints the address of the variables defined. A pointer is a variable whose value is the address of another variable, i.e., direct address of the memory location. Like any variable or constant, you must declare a pointer before using it to store any variable address. The general form of a pointer variable declaration is:

The for loop is used in the case where we need to execute some part of the code until the given condition is satisfied. The for loop is also called as a per-tested loop. It is better to use for loop if the number of iteration is known in advance. The for-loop statement is a very specialized while loop, which increases the readability of a program. It is frequently used to traverse the data structures like the array and linked list.

Write character to stdout. Writes a character to the standard output (stdout). It is equivalent to calling putc with stdout as second argument. putchar() function is a file handling function in C programming language which is used to write a character on standard output/screen. The putchar() function is used for printing character to a screen at current cursor location. It is unformatted character output functions. It is defined in header file stdio.h.

#include is a way of including a standard or user-defined file in the program and is mostly written at the beginning of any C/C++ program. This directive is read by the preprocessor and orders it to insert the content of a user-defined or system header file into the following program. These files are mainly imported from an outside source into the current program. The process of importing such files that might be system-defined or user-defined is known as File Inclusion. This type of preprocessor directive tells the compiler to include a file in the source code program. Here are the two types of file that can be included using #include:

In C, the "main" function is treated the same as every function, it has a return type (and in some cases accepts inputs via parameters). The only difference is that the main function is "called" by the operating system when the user runs the program. Thus the main function is always the first code executed when a program starts. main() function is a user defined, body of the function is defined by the programmer or we can say main() is programmer/user implemented function, whose prototype is predefined in the compiler. Hence we can say that main() in c programming is user defined as well as predefined because it's prototype is predefined. main() is a system (compiler) declared function whose defined by the user, which is invoked automatically by the operating system when program is being executed.

In the C Programming Language, the #define directive allows the definition of macros within your source code. These macro definitions allow constant values to be declared for use throughout your code. Macro definitions are not variables and cannot be changed by your program code like variables. You generally use this syntax when creating constants that represent numbers, strings or expressions.

Takes a year as input and finds whether a year is leap year or not. Take a year as input. Check whether a given year is divisible by 400. Check whether a given year is divisible

Take the two integers as input and store it in the variables x & y respectively. Using if, else statements check if x is equal to y. If they are equal, then print the output as "x and y are...

C Language code to prints the Nth node from the Last Node of a Linked List. The approach used is to first point a pointer to a node which is N nodes ahead from the head. Then, move